While some risks are unavoidable,

Jane never knew how certain aspects of her lifestyle
could put her at increased risk for developing wet
age-related macular degeneration (AMD).


Listen to Jane’s story


Wet Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) Risk Factors

Understanding the main risk factors for wet AMD

  • Age—the single greatest risk factor. The chance of developing AMD increases as a person ages
    • -One study found a 2% risk for wet AMD in middle age (between ages 40 and 60) versus nearly 30% in people over age 75
  • Genetics—you may be at higher risk if immediate family members have AMD
  • AMD in one eye—increases the risk of developing AMD in the other eye
  • Smoking—can double or triple the risk of developing AMD
  • Obesity—increases the progression of AMD
  • High blood pressure—increases the risk of developing AMD
  • Women—are at slightly higher risk than men
  • Exposure to UV light

Talk to your doctor and get regular check-ups if you have any of these risk factors for wet AMD

If only people knew their risk for wet AMD, it could help save their vision.

— Jane

Help along the way

Looking for more information?

Find more resources and support for people with wet AMD.

Resources & support

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Wet AMD - Decrease Your Risk

Learning how to decrease your risk of developing wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

  • Quit smoking
  • Maintain a healthy weight—there is a correlation between obesity and progression of AMD
  • Exercise regularly—this helps maintain a healthy blood pressure. Always talk to your doctor before beginning an exercise program
  • Monitor your diet—a low-fat diet that includes leafy, dark green vegetables, fruits, and foods high in omega-3 fatty acids helps reduce your risk
  • Dietary supplements—specific high-dose formulations of antioxidants and zinc have been shown to reduce the risk of developing wet AMD by 25%. Talk to your doctor before taking dietary supplements, as they may not be right for you
  • Reduce exposure to UV light—limit your time in the sun or wear sunglasses, or hats that shade your eyes
  • Talk to your doctor and get regular check-ups—if you have any of the risk factors for wet AMD

It was such a lonely experience watching day to day as my sight deteriorated. I remember wondering if there was something I could have done to prevent it.

— Jane

Tips for living with wet AMD

Reducing glare

When indoors, cover the tops of tables or other shiny surfaces. Yellow clip-on glasses can help as well. When outdoors, dark plum or amber glasses and visors can help.


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